Un pionero en el oriente

U

La historia de Luis Iturralde Levy es la del romance entre el occidente y el oriente boliviano; es la historia de la fascinación de los bolivianos de la zona andina que descubrieron el oriente durante la Guerra del Chaco. Fascinación especialmente por su gente, sus industriosas mujeres, en un enclave donde aún quedaban vestigios del castellano de Cervantes y se vivía un aire bucólico de señorío, romance y tradición.  

Pero en el caso de Luis Iturralde Levy se da el encuentro de dos mundos dramáticamente opuestos, el de la Europa de la Belle Époque de principios del siglo 20, al que él pertenecía, con el del oriente boliviano profundo y casi incógnito, de una región aislada no sólo del resto del país, sino del mundo moderno. Una comunidad impoluta, de valores cristianos acervados, de una extraordinaria cohesión social y sentido de pertenencia, donde la gente valía por lo que era, no por lo que tenía. 

Iturralde fue el fundador, en los años 30, del primer ingenio azucarero de Bolivia, La Esperanza. Con su obra, Luis Iturralde Levy equivale en Bolivia al Ferdinand de Lesseps que edificó el Canal de Suez y luego se embarcó en la construcción inconclusa del Canal de Panamá.

Lesseps e Iturralde, ambos franceses, de similar ambición de aventura y un optimismo sin límite, tenían total prescindencia de racionalidad respecto a los riesgos y magnitud de las obras que emprendían. Ambos fracasaron en concluirlas, pero fueron pioneros en dar un salto infinito hacia el progreso y abrir el sendero que seguirían otros tras sus huellas. Ambos empeñaron sus vidas y haciendas por avanzar en su épico propósito. Pioneros por antonomasia.

Don Luis descubrió Santa Cruz a través de su amigo “Lole” Romero, que se convertiría en cuñado suyo al casarse con la hermana mayor de Dorita Moreno, su futura esposa. Ella le abrió a Don Luis las puertas a su extendida familia, típico clan de fuertes lazos filiales que fueron el sostén de los años más felices de la pareja, en medio de enormes dificultades y desafíos.

Lo imagino cabalgando solo de noche por las llanuras infinitas para llevar el dinero de los salarios de sus trabajadores, o subido en la carrocería de un camión trasladando a su joven esposa, entre La Esperanza y Santa Cruz, con dolores de parto, a dar a luz en la ciudad, distante a solo 70 kilómetros, pero a 14 horas de un viaje infernal por sendas y lodazales que hundían al vehículo hasta los ejes.

Este hombre culto y acaudalado ya en su tercera década de vida, acostumbrado a la comodidad europea, se encontraba en la selva oriental luchando prácticamente solo contra los elementos y aquellos que quisieron aprovechar su esfuerzo, perseverancia y sacrificio para quedarse con su obra, o destruirla.

Su vida fue fascinante. No sólo fue un pionero industrial, sino un civilizador. Trajo cultura y costumbres modernas a un medio aún parroquial y campestre, aunque encantador. Fue ejemplo de civilidad y refinamiento no sólo para su entorno familiar, sino para quienes trabajaron para él, a quienes trataba con respeto y deferencia, y de alguna forma también para los casi cinco mil habitantes que poblaron La Esperanza.

La pica que él plantó en esa lejana tierra abrió paso a otras industrias que aprovecharon su experiencia para imitar o evitar errores de la misma. Ingenios azucareros como La Bélgica, Guabirá y San Aurelio, que subsisten hasta hoy, se beneficiaron del esfuerzo, la imaginación y el valor de Don Luis. Mi propia familia hizo también la peregrinación al oriente, al cultivo del algodón, empresa en la que heredamos al piloto y al chofer de La Esperanza y, allí en Santa Cruz, se asentaron para siempre mis padres.

Pero además de impulsar la agroindustria, Don Luis creó la empresa Soconal Ltda., pionera también en la construcción de decenas de edificios en La Paz, muchos de ellos emblemáticos. Por ello me tocó como alcalde condecorarlo, en 1989, con el Escudo de Armas de La Paz, por su obra precursora en el desarrollo urbano de la ciudad, a lo largo de más de medio siglo.

Pionero es aquel que carga primero con el mayor peso de su empeño, frecuentemente sacrificando su patrimonio, su familia y hasta su vida. Quienes vienen por detrás frecuentemente olvidan a quienes abrieron el camino e hicieron posible el progreso y sus éxitos. Don Luis Iturralde es un pionero excelso de la “marcha al oriente”, que ha sido el sueño boliviano del siglo 20.

(Este texto fue escrito en 2019 cuando tuve en mis manos el manuscrito del libro “Historia de un pionero”, sobre la vida de Don Luis, cuya presentación está pendiente). 

25 Commentarios

  • I precisely had to thank you so much once again. I’m not certain what I would’ve used without the type of recommendations documented by you on my theme. It was before a real depressing issue in my position, however , considering this professional fashion you solved the issue forced me to jump for happiness. Now i am thankful for this support and then have high hopes you know what a great job your are accomplishing training the mediocre ones by way of your web blog. I’m certain you’ve never come across all of us.

  • Thanks for each of your labor on this blog. My mom take interest in setting aside time for investigation and it’s really easy to understand why. Many of us hear all of the compelling manner you give worthwhile suggestions through the website and as well inspire participation from visitors about this concept so our child is actually studying a lot of things. Have fun with the rest of the year. Your doing a terrific job.

  • I intended to create you this little bit of observation just to give many thanks yet again with the pleasing tricks you have contributed in this case. It is so incredibly open-handed with you to give openly precisely what many people would have offered as an e-book in order to make some profit for themselves, even more so seeing that you might have done it in the event you considered necessary. Those things additionally served to provide a good way to be aware that other individuals have the same interest just like my own to grasp very much more in respect of this issue. I know there are millions of more pleasurable moments up front for people who read through your website.

  • Thanks for all of your work on this web site. My mom really likes doing research and it is obvious why. We know all concerning the compelling tactic you produce both useful and interesting information through your blog and as well foster participation from other ones about this area of interest so my girl is without a doubt becoming educated a lot of things. Take pleasure in the remaining portion of the new year. Your carrying out a very good job.

  • I precisely wanted to appreciate you again. I’m not certain the things that I would’ve sorted out without the points documented by you over that situation. It actually was a very hard case in my position, nevertheless noticing this specialised avenue you treated that made me to cry over happiness. I’m just grateful for this work and even have high hopes you know what a great job you happen to be doing teaching people thru a blog. I am certain you’ve never met any of us.

  • A lot of thanks for each of your hard work on this web page. Kate enjoys going through investigation and it’s easy to see why. All of us hear all about the dynamic way you present both useful and interesting information on your web site and in addition cause contribution from other individuals on that concern plus our own child is certainly being taught a lot of things. Have fun with the remaining portion of the year. You’re doing a fabulous job.

  • I actually wanted to develop a quick comment so as to express gratitude to you for all of the nice steps you are giving out on this site. My incredibly long internet search has at the end of the day been compensated with useful knowledge to talk about with my best friends. I ‘d express that most of us readers are definitely lucky to exist in a good website with very many marvellous professionals with very beneficial suggestions. I feel very privileged to have come across the web page and look forward to really more amazing times reading here. Thank you once more for a lot of things.

  • Needed to create you one tiny remark in order to thank you again about the gorgeous views you have featured on this page. This has been open-handed of you to give unhampered exactly what a few individuals would’ve marketed for an ebook to end up making some bucks for their own end, and in particular seeing that you could have tried it if you considered necessary. The advice additionally worked to be the good way to understand that someone else have a similar eagerness the same as my own to figure out much more with regard to this matter. I know there are millions of more pleasant instances in the future for folks who scan through your site.

  • I precisely wanted to thank you very much all over again. I am not sure what I could possibly have used in the absence of the actual recommendations shared by you over this industry. It truly was the alarming concern for me, nevertheless looking at your expert way you managed that took me to weep with gladness. I’m thankful for your assistance and then wish you are aware of a powerful job that you are accomplishing training the rest via your web page. More than likely you haven’t encountered all of us.

  • I simply needed to say thanks once again. I do not know what I might have tried without the entire solutions discussed by you directly on this industry. It seemed to be a real difficult setting in my position, nevertheless taking note of your specialized avenue you handled that forced me to weep over delight. Now i am happier for the advice and then wish you really know what a powerful job you are carrying out instructing many others through the use of your webblog. I know that you haven’t got to know any of us.

  • I actually wanted to develop a word to be able to express gratitude to you for the magnificent ideas you are giving out here. My prolonged internet search has now been recognized with brilliant facts to write about with my partners. I ‘d point out that many of us readers are truly endowed to exist in a very good network with very many lovely professionals with interesting advice. I feel truly fortunate to have seen the website and look forward to so many more awesome moments reading here. Thanks again for a lot of things.

  • I must convey my gratitude for your kindness giving support to individuals who have the need for help with this one study. Your real commitment to getting the message all around turned out to be wonderfully functional and have all the time allowed some individuals like me to attain their aims. Your own useful suggestions means a whole lot to me and additionally to my mates. With thanks; from everyone of us.

  • I want to point out my gratitude for your generosity for people that need guidance on that idea. Your special dedication to passing the message all-around had become certainly beneficial and have in most cases empowered some individuals just like me to arrive at their desired goals. The invaluable help and advice indicates a lot to me and a whole lot more to my colleagues. Thank you; from everyone of us.

  • I want to express my thanks to this writer just for bailing me out of this type of incident. Right after browsing throughout the internet and getting tricks which were not productive, I thought my entire life was over. Living minus the solutions to the difficulties you have resolved as a result of your write-up is a serious case, and those which might have in a negative way damaged my career if I hadn’t encountered the blog. Your personal talents and kindness in handling a lot of things was valuable. I don’t know what I would’ve done if I had not discovered such a stuff like this. It’s possible to at this point look forward to my future. Thanks a lot very much for your impressive and effective help. I won’t hesitate to propose the blog to anybody who would need care on this problem.

  • I needed to post you that tiny remark in order to thank you so much yet again with the amazing ideas you’ve shown in this article. It was so particularly open-handed with people like you giving easily exactly what numerous people would have marketed as an e-book in making some profit for themselves, primarily since you could have done it in the event you considered necessary. The good ideas likewise served as the good way to realize that other people have the same dreams the same as my very own to grasp somewhat more with regard to this problem. I am sure there are a lot more pleasurable opportunities ahead for individuals who check out your blog.

  • I’m just commenting to let you be aware of of the brilliant discovery my wife’s child went through reading through your site. She even learned a lot of pieces, not to mention how it is like to have an awesome coaching spirit to have other individuals easily comprehend a number of hard to do subject matter. You actually surpassed people’s expected results. Thank you for showing these precious, dependable, informative and fun guidance on the topic to Jane.

  • I have to show my thanks to you for bailing me out of this type of challenge. Because of looking through the world wide web and finding views which were not productive, I was thinking my life was well over. Existing devoid of the answers to the issues you’ve resolved through your good article is a serious case, and ones which may have in a wrong way damaged my career if I hadn’t noticed your blog. Your own competence and kindness in taking care of all the stuff was precious. I’m not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t encountered such a step like this. It’s possible to now look ahead to my future. Thanks so much for the expert and effective guide. I will not hesitate to propose the website to any individual who needs recommendations about this problem.

  • I together with my friends have been checking the good procedures found on your web blog and so quickly I got an awful suspicion I had not thanked the site owner for those strategies. The boys happened to be so stimulated to see them and already have clearly been loving them. Appreciate your genuinely considerably considerate as well as for obtaining some really good useful guides most people are really desirous to discover. Our sincere regret for not saying thanks to earlier.

  • I would like to voice my appreciation for your generosity supporting folks who should have assistance with your concept. Your personal commitment to getting the message across ended up being wonderfully helpful and have usually helped many people much like me to realize their dreams. The informative tips and hints implies a lot a person like me and further more to my fellow workers. Warm regards; from each one of us.

  • Thanks a lot for giving everyone an extraordinarily superb chance to read from this blog. It is usually so terrific and also full of a lot of fun for me personally and my office peers to visit your site at a minimum thrice every week to learn the latest guides you will have. And lastly, we are actually fascinated concerning the unbelievable secrets served by you. Certain 1 tips in this posting are honestly the very best I’ve had.

  • I want to express thanks to you just for bailing me out of this setting. As a result of researching throughout the online world and finding notions which are not helpful, I thought my life was well over. Living devoid of the strategies to the issues you’ve sorted out as a result of your entire guide is a serious case, as well as the ones which might have badly damaged my career if I hadn’t noticed your web page. Your own personal ability and kindness in dealing with every part was valuable. I’m not sure what I would have done if I hadn’t come upon such a stuff like this. I’m able to now look ahead to my future. Thanks so much for this impressive and sensible guide. I won’t be reluctant to endorse your site to any individual who needs and wants guidelines on this situation.

  • I and also my friends came looking at the excellent tips and tricks on your web site and then instantly developed a horrible feeling I never thanked the website owner for those techniques. Most of the guys became for that reason passionate to read through them and have very much been having fun with them. We appreciate you being quite thoughtful as well as for making a decision on varieties of helpful things most people are really desirous to be informed on. My very own honest regret for not expressing appreciation to sooner.

  • I want to show my appreciation for your kindness in support of people that have the need for guidance on that field. Your special commitment to getting the message all around had become unbelievably interesting and have in every case empowered those just like me to realize their goals. Your helpful advice implies a whole lot a person like me and still more to my fellow workers. Thanks a ton; from each one of us.

  • Thanks for all of the labor on this web site. My mom delights in doing investigation and it’s easy to see why. Most of us notice all concerning the compelling mode you deliver both interesting and useful things through this blog and even strongly encourage response from people about this issue then our own child is without a doubt learning a lot. Take pleasure in the rest of the year. You have been carrying out a fabulous job.

  • I precisely desired to thank you so much once more. I do not know the things I could possibly have achieved without the entire techniques revealed by you relating to that theme. This was a horrifying condition in my circumstances, nevertheless observing the skilled technique you managed the issue took me to jump with contentment. I’m grateful for your support and even trust you really know what an amazing job you were undertaking instructing people today all through a blog. Probably you’ve never encountered all of us.

ronadmin

! Conéctate conmigo en las redes sociales!